crohn’s disease

What is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines. It primarily causes ulcerations (breaks in the lining) of the small and large intestines, but can affect the digestive system anywhere from the mouth to the anus. It is named after the physician who described the disease in 1932. It also is called granulomatous enteritis or colitis, regional enteritis, ileitis, or terminal ileitis. Crohn’s disease is related closely to another chronic inflammatory condition that involves only the colon called ulcerative colitis. Together, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are frequently referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease have no medical cure. Once the diseases begin, they tend to fluctuate between periods of inactivity (remission) and activity (relapse). Inflammatory bowel disease affects approximately 500,000 to two million people in the United States. Men and women are affected equally. Americans of Jewish European descent are 4 to 5 times more likely to develop IBD than the general population. IBD has historically been considered predominately disease of Caucasians, but there has been an increase in reported cases in African Americans suffering from IBD. The prevalence appears to be lower among Hispanic and Asian populations. IBD most commonly begins during adolescence and early adulthood (usually between the ages of 15 and 35). There is a small second peak of newly-diagnosed cases after age 50. The number of new cases (incidence) and number of cases (prevalence) of Crohn’s disease in the United States are rising, although the reason for this is not completely understood. Crohn’s disease tends to be more common in relatives of patients with Crohn’s disease. If a person has a relative with the disease, his/her risk of developing the disease is estimated to be at […]
By |October 23rd, 2013|Crohn' Disease|0 Comments

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the two major chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, together known as IBD. These two diseases, while similar in many ways, can differ in location, symptoms, and the character of the inflammation and ulcerations. Crohn’s disease, named after one of the physicians who described it in 1932 and also known as regional enteritis, results in ulcers, or sores in the gastrointestinal tract. It may involve any part of the gastrointestinal system from the mouth to the anus. However, it most often involves the lower part of the small intestine, known as the ileum, and the large intestine (the colon). In contrast, ulcerative colitis causes ulcers only in the large intestine. The symptoms of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, blood in the stool, anemia, weight loss, malnutrition, and fever. Patients with ulcerative colitis more often complain of diarrhea and blood in their stools andpatients with Crohn’s disease more often complain of diarrhea and abdominal pain. Crohn’s disease also may present with delayed growth in adolescence or childhood, intestinal obstruction (severe painful cramping, vomiting, nausea, and abdominal distention), bowel perforation, fistulas (abnormal passages or tunnels from one part of the intestine to another, or to the skin, or less commonly to the abdominal wall, vagina, bladder or other nearby organs), or abscesses. In both UC and Crohn’s, patients can experience periods of remission from symptoms and periods of relapse or “flares”. About one-quarter of patients for both types of IBD may have extra-intestinal disease manifestations, most commonly arthritis, eye inflammation (uveitis, iritis or episcleritis), and skin inflammation, typically pyoderma gangrenosum and erythema nodosum. Unfortunately, once IBD occurs it tends to be present for life. Ulcerative colitis can be cured […]
By |September 16th, 2013|Crohn' Disease|0 Comments